Sidang Media KW KEADILAN: Pemerdagangan Manusia – Penguatkuasaan yang lemah

Kenyataan Media

Ketua Wanita KEADILAN (Ahli Parlimen Ampang)

29 Jun 2009

Penguatkuasaan Akta Pemerdagangan Orang 2007 lemah

Wanita KEADILAN telah menerima aduan para pekerja asing yang telah dikurung, ditempatkan dalam kediaman yang amat daif,  tidak dibayar gaji, bekerja tanpa rehat dan dinafikan passport mereka oleh majikan yang tidak bertanggungjawab.

Wanita KEADILAN memandang serius penderaan majikan yang sedemikian, khususnya terhadap pekerja wanita dan gadis yang juga terdedah kepada eksploitasi seksual.  Ia menjadikan para pekerja yang terbabit menjadi terikat dalam hutang berpanjangan kepada majikan atau mereka yang telah membawa masuk pekerja yang terbabit.    Ia boleh diklasifikasikan sebagai salah satu bentuk pemerdagangan orang, dan dikira sebagai kesalahan jenayah di bawah Akta Pemerdagangan Orang 2007.

Pemerdagangan Orang ini menjadi berleluasa oleh penguatkuasaan yang lemah kerajaan Malaysia.   Penguatkuasaan diterajui oleh Kementerian Dalam Negeri, Jabatan Imigresen, dan Kementerian Sumber Manusia.   Ada laporan yang mengsyakki wujudnya rasuah dalam pengurusan kemasukan dan pengendalian para pekerja asing ke Malaysia oleh pegawai-pegwai kerajaan di Malaysia.   Laporan Pemerdagangan Orang 2009 yang dikeluarkan oleh Jabatan Negara Amerika telah meletakkan Malaysia dalam senaraihitam, Tier 3, yang membawa implikasi berlakunya perleluasan pemerdgangan orang di Malaysia dan penguatkuasaan yang sangat lemah terhadap aktiviti tersebut.

Wanita KEADILAN menggesa agar kerajaan Malaysia menambah usaha untuk benar-benar membantras gejala pemerdagangan orang ini; membawa mereka yang bersalah ke muka pengadilan selepas penyiasatan, mendakwa pegwai-pegawai kerajaan yang telah mendapat keuntungan menerusi pemerdagangan orang, meningkatkan kefahaman dan profesionalisme  jentera kerajaan dalam penguatkuasaan Akta Pemerdagangan Orang 2007, meningkat dan memperkemas perlindungan terhadap mangsa pemerdagangan orang, dan memperluaskan pengetahuan mengenai jenayah pemerdagangan orang kepada golongan majikan dan kakitangan kerajaan serta orang ramai.

Wanita KEADILAN juga menggesa supaya Menteri Pembangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat mengambil peranan aktif dalam memastikan bahawa aduan-aduan rasmi yang diterima oleh pihak berkuasa diambil tindakan dan penyelesaian segera.   Di antara yang teraniya tergolong dari wanita dan gadis yang telah didera secara emosi, fizikal, mental dan dijadikan hamba seks.

Persoalan yang besar ialah kenapa kerajaan Malaysia, dengan segala sumber dan jentera yang banyak masih gagal mengurangkan atau membendung gejala pemerdagangan orang yang kian berleluasa walaupun sudah ada Akta Pemerdagangan Orang 2007?

Zuraida Kamaruddin

Ketua Wanita KEADILAN

Ahli Parlimen Ampang

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

Malaysia destinasi, transit pemerdagangan orang (human trafficking)

Oleh Rozaini Mohd Rosli

Pada 1 September 2006, Kongres Nasional Wanita KEADILAN telah meluluskan usul anti perdagangan wanita.   Usul itu menuntut dengan tegas supaya kerajaan:

  1. Mewujudkan dengan segera satu Akta Anti-Perdagangan Manusia
  2. Menunjukkan  kehendak  politik (political will) serta komitmen  di dalam usaha membasmi rasuah dan korupsi yang dikhuatiri telah membantu  memakmurkan perdagangan wanita dengan cara memastikan bahawa BPR dipertanggungjawabkan terus kepada Parlimen.
  3. Menubuhkan satu Pasukan Petugas Khas (Special Task Force)  bagi tujuan mengkaji dasar dan program yang akan menggerakkan usaha  preventif, pemulihan  dan seterusnya membenteras sehabis-habisnya aktiviti perdagangan  wanita ini.

Sejurus selepas itu, kerajaan Malaysia telah membentangkan Rang Undang-Undang Anti-Pemerdagangan Orang 2007.   Parlimen telah meluluskannya sebagai Akta dan penguatkuasaan sepenuhnya pada akhir Februari 2008.   Dengan itu, Malaysia telah keluar dari senarai hitam Tier 3.

Kerajaan Malaysia pernah dituduh menjadi destinasi dan lokasi transit bagi penjenayah pemerdagangan orang dan telah disenaraihitamkan dalam Tier 3 oleh Amerika Syarikat pada tahun 2001 dan 2007.   Ia memberi implikasi bahwa Malaysia akan mengalami sekatan-sekatan dan bantuan, khususnya dalam bidang ekonomi dan peruntukan kewangan dari masyarakat antarabangsa untuk tujuan bukan perniagaan.

Laporan tahunan Amerika Syarikat, yang dihebahkan pada 17 Jun 2009 lalu, telah menyenaraikan semula Malaysia dalam Tier 3.   Negara-negara lain yang disenarihitamkan ialah: Burma, Chad, Cuba, Eritrea, Fiji, Iran, Kuwait, [Malaysia], Mauritania, Niger, North Korea, Papua New Guinea, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, dan Zimbabwe.

Kegagalan membendung kegiatan pemerdagangan orang ini telah membawa persepsi bahawa kementerian-kementerian yang terlibat tidak melaksanakan tugasan dengan sempurna atau ada pegawai-pegawai kementerian berkenaan yang terlibat dalam jenayah pemerdagangan orang ini.   Perkara yang menyuburkan perlanggaran hak asasi manusia dan jenayah yang meranapkan kehidupan dan masa depan mangsa perlu diatasi segera oleh Menteri Dalam Negeri, Menteri Sumber Manusia dan Ketua Polis Negara kerana dalam banyak kes, segala laporan dan bukti yang diperlukan telah dibawa ke pengetahuan pihak berkuasa.   Tiada apa-apa tindakan wajar yang diambil.   Kerajaan Malaysia dilihat tidak memberi komitmen yang dikehensaki untuk melaksanakan Akta Pemerdagangan Orang 2007.

Mangsa-mangsa didapati oleh penjenayah menerusi penculikan, memperdaya mangsa dengan janji-janji pekerjaan dengan gaji lumayan dan peluang perkahwinan di luar negara, mengiklankan peluang-peluang dalam akhbar, menemui mangsa dan keluarganya secara langsung dan menjanjikan pekerjaan yang baik.   Penjenayah juga mendapati mangsa wanita dari kem tahanan pelarian dan menawarkan peluang tempat tinggal yang lebih baik dan juga pekerjaan.   Selepas mendapatkan dokumen-dokumen palsu serta membayar segala kos-kos perjalanan, mangsa diikat dengan kos tersebut yang kini dikira sebagai pinjaman dengan bayaran bunga yang sangat tinggi agar mangsa selamanya berada di bawah telunjuk penjenayah pemerdagangan orang; dalam erti kata lain menjadi mangsa sebagai hamba abdi di zaman pasca moden ini.   Mangsa wanita sebahagiannya telah dipaksa bekerja di sarang pelacuran dan ada yang menjadi pelayan peribadi bapak-bapak ayam sehingga ada yang hamil.   Biasanya mangsa-mangsa tidak dibenarkan berkomunikasi dengan orang luar, walaupun menerusi telefon.   Segala dokumen mangsa-mangsa dari luar negara ini akan disimpan oleh penjenyah.  Dengan itu, mangsa tidak berani keluar atau melaporkan apa-apa kerana ditakuti akan ditangkap dan dipenjarakan kerana berada di Malaysia tanpa sebarang dokumen.   Selain itu, mangsa juga didera secara fizikal dan dikurung oleh penjenayah.

Penggubalan Akta di Parlimen tidak membawa sebarang makna kepada rakyat Malaysia yang terkesan dengan aktiviti jenayah pemerdagangan orang kecuali Akta tersebut sepenuhnya disokong, dilaksana dan dikuatkuasa oleh kesemua Menteri-Menteri yang terlibat.   Kementerian-kementerian yang diamanahkan dituntut untuk bekerjasama secara integrated dan berkesan dan tidak berterusan memberi alasan-alasan untuk menutup kekurangan dalam mencari penyelesaian membantras jenayah pemerdagangan orang ini.   Gejala rasuah yang timbul di kalangan pegawai-pegawai kerajaan yang terlibat dalam jenayah ini mestilah dibawa segera ke muka pengadilan dan dihukum dengan hukuman yang seberat-beratnya.   Kempen-kempen umum yang komprehensif dan merakyatkan pengetahuan tentang Akta Pemerdagangan Orang dan kejelekan aktiviti jenayah berkaitan perlulah dilaksanakan dan diperluaskan kepada rakyat Malaysia.

Kerajaan Malaysia Umno-BN perlu meyakinkan rakyat dan masyarakat global bahawa ia benar-benar serius dalam menangani permasalahan jenayah pemerdagangan orang.   Setakat ini, Akta Pemerdagangan Orang 2007 dilihat belum berfungsi sepenuhnya seperti yang dikehendaki.

Malaysia destinasi dan transit bagi perdagangan manusia, suatu kekejaman yang menghapuskan masa depan insan

Malaysia blacklisted for human trafficking
Jun 17, 09 6:29am Malaysiakini.com
The United States has put Malaysia back on the blacklist of countries trafficking in people after removing the country from the list last year.

MCPX

The State Department annual ‘Trafficking in Persons Report 2009’, which examined efforts in more than 173 countries to combat trafficking for forced labour, prostitution, military service and other purposes, has Malaysia sharing the blacklist with 16 countries.

Among the 17 countries on the blacklist are Burma, Zimbabwe, Papua New Guinea, Sudan and Saudi Arabia.

“Malaysia is a destination and, to a lesser extent, a source and transit country for women and children trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation, and for men, women, and children trafficked for the purpose of forced labour,” said the report, which was released by the US State Department today.

immigrant workers 280205 moving outMalaysia was elevated from the blacklist in 2008 to the ‘Tier 2′ watch list after plunging into the dreaded ‘Tier 3′ two years ago.

The country was first blacklisted in 2001 but its ranking improved to ‘Tier 2′ in subsequent years until 2007.

In that year, it was relegated to ‘Tier 3’ but last year, the report said “significant efforts being made to comply with minimum standards of combating human trafficking” which resulted in Malaysia being removed from the blacklist.

“Malaysia does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so, despite some progress in enforcing the country’s new anti-trafficking law,” said the 2009 report.

It said that while the government took initial actions under the 2007 anti-trafficking law against sex trafficking, it has yet to fully address issues of human trafficking.

Refugees ‘sold’ by immigration officials

The report referred to another report by the US Senate Foreign Relations Committee two months ago which found the involvement of Immigration Department officials in trafficking Burmese refugees.

According to the report, Malaysian immigration officials sold refugees for approximately US$200 (RM700) per person to traffickers operating along Thailand’s southern border.

rohingya registration refugees“In turn, the traffickers demanded ransom – ranging from US$300 (RM1,000) for children to US$575 (RM2,000) for adults – in exchange for their freedom.

“Informed sources estimated 20 percent of the victims were unable to pay the ransom, and were sold for the purpose of labour and commercial sexual exploitation.”

It said that so far little action has been taken since the released of the Senate foreign relations committee report in April.

“The Malaysian police is investigating the allegations with the cooperation of the Immigration Department, as publicly confirmed by the prime minister but no officials were arrested, prosecuted, or convicted for involvement in trafficking during the reporting period,” it lamented.

Migrant workers victimised

The report is also scathing in describing the country’s treatment of migrant labourers.

“Some migrant workers are victimised by their employers, employment agents, or traffickers who supply migrant labourers and victims of sex trafficking.

“Some victims suffer conditions including physical and sexual abuse, forced drug use, debt bondage, non-payment of wages, threats, confinement, and withholding of travel documents to restrict their freedom of movement.”

captured detained illegal immigrants 030707The report pointed out that the government continue to condone the confiscation of passports by employers, while employers passed the government’s ‘immigration levy’ on to the low-skilled migrant workers, which facilitated debt bondage.

It also said that women from Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, Cambodia, Vietnam, Burma, Mongolia, and China are forced into prostitution after being lured to Malaysia with promises of legitimate employment.

The report concluded that the government had made only “limited efforts” to prevent trafficking in persons over the last year.

“As a regional economic leader approaching developed nation status, Malaysia has the resources and government infrastructure to do more in addressing trafficking in persons,” said the report.

Could face sanctions

Countries on the blacklist could face sanctions, including the withholding by US of non-humanitarian, non-trade related foreign aid.

They would also be subject to withholding of funding for government officials to participate in educational and cultural exchange programmes.

On a bright note, the report named Malaysia’s Alice Nah as one of its nine 2009 ‘heroes’.

Nah, who is from the Migration Working Group, has raised government and public awareness through online articles describing the plight of trafficking victims, refugees, and migrant workers.

“In January 2009, Nah wrote about the trafficking of Burmese refugees along the Malaysia-Thailand border. Her article increased local and international attention to the issue and raised public awareness within Malaysia,” it said.

/en/banner/I06/index.html
SMS News Alerts

———————————————————————————————————————————————————-

M’sia, 6 African nations join ‘modern slavery’ list
Jun 17, 09 12:15am Malaysiakini.com
The United States today added six African countries to a blacklist of countries trafficking in people, and put US trading partner Malaysia back on the list.

MCPX

Chad, Eritrea, Niger, Mauritania, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe were added to the list in the annual report, which analysed efforts in 173 countries to fight trafficking in humans for forced labor, prostitution, military service and other reasons.

Staying on the blacklist list are US allies Saudi Arabia and Kuwait but also Cuba, Fiji, Iran, Burma, North Korea, Papua New Guinea, Sudan, and Syria, according to the State Department report for 2009.

Removed from the list were Qatar, Oman, Algeria, and Moldova.

“This is modern slavery, a crime that spans the globe, providing ruthless employers with an endless supply of people to abuse for financial gain,” US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said in introducing the report.

The ‘Trafficking in Persons Report’ said “the global economic crisis is also boosting the demand side of human trafficking.”

The 17 countries on the blacklist could face sanctions, including the withholding of non-humanitarian, non-trade related US aid.

The report said Malaysia fails not only to “fully comply” with minimum standards to eliminate trafficking but “is not making significant efforts to do so.”

Last year the report elevated Malaysia to a “watch list” from the 2007 blacklist after finding that it was “making significant efforts” to comply with such standards.

The new report said that while the government took early steps to fight sex trafficking, it has yet to fully tackle labor trafficking in Malaysia.

It also said there were “credible allegations,” including those in a Senate report this year, that some immigration officials took part in trafficking and extorting refugees from Burma.

Zimbabwe joins rogues’ gallery

Like many African and other poor countries, the report said, Zimbabwe “is a source, transit and destination country for men, women and children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and sexual exploitation.”

Some of the many Zimbabweans who fled to neighbouring countries amid Zimbabwe’s severe economic and political crisis faced “human trafficking,” it said.

It charged that members of Zimbabwe’s military were involved in trafficking.

Chad “showed no results in enforcing government policy prohibiting recruitment of child soldiers,” the 320-page report said.

The government of Niger “demonstrated marginal efforts to combat human trafficking, including traditional slavery, during the last year,” it said.

“The government of Mauritania made inadequate efforts to raise awareness of trafficking during the last year,” it added.

Eritrea showed no progress in prosecuting or punishing traffickers, while Swaziland showed no effort to do the same.

Burma shows some progress

The report said Saudi Arabia and Kuwait admit men and women from Asian and African countries to work as domestic servants or other low-skilled laborers, but then subject many to “involuntary servitude.”

It added that Saudi Arabia made “no discernible efforts” to punish or prosecute traffickers, although Kuwait “demonstrated some progress” in punishing them.

North Korea does not recognise or make any attempt to identify trafficking victims, it said. Nor does it make any effort to prosecute perpetrators.

But another longstanding blacklist member Burma showed some progress to fight cross-border trafficking as well as limited efforts to investigate and prosecute internal trafficking, it said.

Fiji, described as a source country for child laborers and prostitutes, showed no significant efforts to protect victims or prosecute perpetrators, it said.